Fig. 1. Diagram linking and explaining how we envision the key elements of strategic spatial planning supporting long-term territorial development in Mozambique as an emerging land-use frontier while addressing central land-use challenges in frontier contexts (KI = Key Insight). Note, for an optimal interpretation, please read the diagram from the left (green frame) to the right-hand side. The arrows represent how we envision strategic spatial planning contributing to overcome structural barriers while addressing land-use challenges in these regions. Based on Tables 2 and 3 (academic literature) and Table 4 (interview data, n = 30). Authors’ own design.