Table 1. Communities involved in the Community-Based Subsistence Fishing Area (CBSFA) process and their progress with CBSFA designation and management in their coastal areas.

Community (Island): Progress on CBSFA Management:
Pilot CBSFA established in 1994, sunset in 1997. Because of frustrations with the state process, the community dropped out of the CBSFA process and has no state-approved management plan. Community-based management practices are enforced locally through community norms. This rural coastal area has only one access road controlled by the community. This type of community-based management might not be an option in other communities that occupy coastal areas with high traffic from outsiders.
Designated a CBSFA in 2005 through the Hawai‘i State Legislature. Developed a management plan in 2008 that was not approved; there are no state-approved rules or management plan for this CBSFA.
Designated a CBSFA in 2006 through the Hawai‘i State Legislature. The community submitted a CBSFA rule package to Hawai‘i Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) in early 2012, hoping to initiate the chapter 91 process. DAR has expressed reservations about many of their proposed rules. It is unclear whether the rules will go through the process or be approved.
Community has organized and developed a management plan and rule package. Sought designation through the legislature in 2010 but the act did not pass.
Additional Communities:
Kaua‘i (2), O‘ahu (5), Moloka‘i (2), Maui (6), Hawai‘i (2), Ni‘ihau (1)
There are reports that at least 18 additional communities have been involved in the CBSFA process in some way, many expressing interest in CBSFA designation and beginning preliminary organizing to seek designation and develop management plans. Higuchi (2008) lists the following additional communities by island: Kaua‘i: Waipa, Hanalei; O‘ahu: Pipukea-Waimea, He‘eia fishpond, Maunalua, ‘Ewa Beach, Wai‘anae; Moloka‘i: Kaloko‘eli fishpond; and subsequently, the whole island; Maui: Honolua Bay, Hana, Kipahulu, ‘Ahihi, Kina‘u, Kihei; Hawai‘i: Kealakekua Bay, Honaunau. Ni‘ihau: whole island.