Fig. 1. A timber harvest site adjoining the Whitefeather Forest Planning Area is “scarified,” prepared for planting by scraping woody material and organic soils into piles for burning. This process exposes mineral soil for replanting of seedling trees and reduces hazardous fuel accumulations, but is seen by Pikangikum elders as disrespectful of the land and injurious to the healing processes. (Photo: N. Deutsch).

Fig. 1