Fig. 3. The collaborative adaptive management process at Las Cienegas National Conservation Area. At most stages of the cycle, stakeholders are actively involved through participation in the semiannual biological planning meetings, volunteering, or participation on a technical team (TT). The four core elements are essential for implementing this loop. We propose incorporating scenario planning as part of the CAM cycle, drawing upon the nested objectives to further refine the design of proposed actions. BLM = Bureau of Land Management; SH = Stakeholder. Note: the Permittee is considered a stakeholder and member of the TTs.