APPENDIX 6. Involvement of local stakeholders in monitoring forest biomass (black), biodiversity (shaded), and livelihoods (white) in Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance-validated forest carbon projects on each continent (n = 50 forest carbon schemes). The units of the y and x-axes are the same as in Fig. 4. The degree of involvement of local stakeholders increases from left to right in each graph. There were no projects in Europe or the Middle East.