Fig. 3. Trade-offs between the provision of food and other ecosystem services (ES) as well as the sectoral income in 2010 (continuous lines) and in the year 2080 (dashed lines). Lines show the deviation of ES provision from the economic optimum in 2010 and 2080, respectively, if provision of food is increased over constraints. Food provision in 2010 equals 100%. Because food provision in the economic optimum is lower in 2080 than in 2010, deviation already starts at 15%.

Fig. 3