Table 2. Key constituencies and managers involved in the Rio Chama case study.

Stakeholders Role in the Optimization Project
U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Federal agency that operates Heron, El Vado, and Elephant Butte dams primarily for water storage and delivery
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Federal agency that operates Abiquiu Dam primarily for flood control
New Mexico Office of the State Engineer and Interstate Stream Commission The state agency responsible for administering the state's water resources; the Interstate Stream Commission is responsible for interstate compact compliance
Los Alamos County Local government that owns and operates two hydroelectric plants at Abiquiu and El Vado dams and would like ability to increase production to meet peak demand
Water rights holders Entities and individuals (including the Chama Valley irrigators, Middle Rio Grande Conservancy District, Albuquerque-Bernalillo Water Utility Authority, and City of Santa Fe) who use San Juan Chama Project water for irrigation and municipal purposes or whose water withdrawals are within the project area
Adjacent landowners Landowners who own property (1) along project reach (including federal land managers U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management, Christ Church of the Desert Monastery, and El Vado Ranch) or (2) adjacent to Abiquiu Reservoir
Trout Unlimited and commercial fishing guides Anglers who fish the Rio Chama and seek enhancement of the brown trout fishery
Rafting community Private and commercial boaters who raft the Wild and Scenic stretch of the Rio Chama and seek adequate and predictable dam releases from El Vado for recreational purposes
Rio Grande Restoration Environmental nongovernmental organization currently responsible for the development and implementation of the Optimization Project