Table 1.Treatment of governance in the vulnerability assessment literature.

Author Discussion of governance
Adger (2006) “The remaining challenge is in combining measurement of aspects of vulnerability and thresholds within systems with explanations of whole-system vulnerability and the role of institutions and governance processes.” (p. 275)
Brooks et al. (2005) “The results from the focus group exercise emphasizes the importance of governance indicators.” (p. 161)
Engle and Lemos (2010) “Among those, governance and institutional mechanisms represent one set of system attributes that scholars believe is particularly important.” (p. 5)
Lebel et al. (2006) “The kinds of attributes we are initially interested in are those frequently considered to be part of ‘good’ governance, e.g., participation, representation, deliberation, accountability, empowerment, social justice, and organizational features such as being multilayered and polycentric.”

“A capacity for self-organization means that a system has ways to maintain and re-create its identity. Although most systems are linked to, and impacted by, other systems, self-organizing systems are able to buffer the impacts of other systems and do not need to be continually invested in, subsidized, or replenished from outside to persist.”