Fig. 4. Long-term historical simulations (1100 AD–2000 AD) and observed (2000 AD) landscape mosaics in the four pastures Planets-Cluds, Bullatone, Rionde, and Pré aux Veaux (m a.s.l. = meters above sea level). Squares represent 25-m grid cells used for both photo interpretation and model simulation. The four phytocoenosis types used for display are defined in Table 3.