Table 1. Equity framework for REDD+ media discourse (Adapted from McDermott et al. 2012b). Labels in parentheses used in figures.

Dimension of equity discourse Distributive equity Procedural equity Contextual equity
Examples of equity issues linked to each dimensions Mechanisms allocating costs and benefits of REDD+ (Benefit-sharing) National sovereignty over development and implementation of national REDD+ policy decisions (Sovereignty) Recognition of local rights to carbon, forest, and trees (Tenure and indigenous rights)
Enhancing social and environmental benefits (Livelihoods) Nature and access to participation for relevant stakeholders (Participation) Equal rights for man and women (Gender)
Equal access to benefits for man and women (Gender)
Equal participation of man and women (Gender)
Examples of normative questions How should benefits and costs of REDD+ activities be distributed? Who should participate in REDD+ decision making? How do existing property rights arrangements impact equity outcomes in REDD+?
Who should contribute to fund REDD+ development and implementation?
Which socioeconomic and political factors determine inequality in existing institutional arrangements?
Type of strategies
Affirmative strategies
Transformational strategies
Underlying principles of justice (type of justifications) Interest-based Interest-based Interest-based
Needs-based Needs-based Needs-based
Rights-based Rights-based Rights-based
Merit-based Merit-based Merit-based
Fairness-based Fairness-based Fairness-based