Fig. 3. Map of the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, where a guided transition type framework is being applied. Sea level rise is inundating much of the coastal habitat (a), and management to adapt to changing salinity and lost ecosystem structure has included planting saltwater-tolerant trees (b), building freshwater culverts to bring freshwater into salinized lands (c), and building oyster reefs to protect the shoreline (d). Photo credits: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and The Nature Conservancy

Fig. 3