Table 2. Indicators of capacity, as originally identified by the project team based on a review of the literature

Capitals Capacity indicator Description Source
Engagement The qualities that underpin social interactions, including clear communication, cooperation, and trust (Black and Hughes 2001)
Tolerance, accepting diversity, and inclusiveness (Ross 1999, Pepperdine 2001, Thomson and Pepperdine 2003, Aslin and Brown 2004)
Shared values and beliefs The level of shared commitment to a cause, to include shared values, norms, and vision (Pepperdine 2001)
Governance The quality of governance/business practices, such as auditing, annual reporting, meeting proceedings, performance reporting, and risk management. It has a fundamental role in natural resource management (Webb and Curtis 2002)
Networks and relationships The extent and strength of partnerships, (Taylor et al. 2000)
The extent and strength of community networks and negotiation structures (Thomson and Pepperdine 2003)
Strategic direction The community’s approach to planning and risk management (Thomson and Pepperdine 2003). It includes collaborative planning and decision making (Ross 1999)
Knowledge resources The level of knowledge transfer, sharing, and acquisition (Ross 1999, Taylor et al. 2000, Campbell 2006)
Physical and financial
Financial resources The fiscal resources to take action (Taylor et al. 2000, Aitken 2001)
Physical resources The amount of infrastructure and public facilities (Black and Hughes 2001, Webb and Curtis 2002)
Human resources People with the skills and abilities to manage human resources (United Nations 2007)
Leadership People with the skills and abilities to lead people (United Nations 2007)
Strategic direction People with the skills and abilities to think strategically (PIRSA 2004)
Financial resources People with the skills and abilities to think strategically (United Nations 2007)