Table 2. Main characteristics of the six Peruvian REDD+ projects and the projects of Noel Kempff, Bolivia and Juma, Brazil.

Project Tambopata National Reserve and Bahuaja Sonene National Park (TBNP) Cordillera Azul National Park (CANP) Alto Huayabamba Conservation Concession (AHCC) Los Amigos Conservation Concession (LACC) Sustainable Forest Management in Native Communities (SFM-NC) Sustainable Forest Management in Forestry Concessions (SFM-FC) Noel Kempff Climate Action Project (Noel Kempff) The Juma Sustainable Development Reserve (Juma)
Location Madre de Dios, Peru Loreto, Ucayali, San Martin and Huánuco, Peru San Martín, Peru Madre de Dios, Peru Ucayali, Huánuco and Pasco, Peru Madre de Dios, Peru Velasco Province, Santa Cruz and Itenez Province, Beni, Bolivia Novo Aripuanã,
Amazonas, Brazil
Size (ha) 548,489 1,353,191 143,928 145,945 138,199 98,932 642,184 329,483
Land Tenure Type National reserve and national park National park Conservation concession Conservation concession Indigenous land (shipibo conibo) Forestry concessions National reserve and national park State reserve
Project Design Start (year) 2009 2007 2008 2008 2009 2006 1996 2006
Project Timeframe 20 years
20 years
5 years preliminary (2010-2014) 30 years
20 years
20 years renewable (2006-2025) 30 years
45 years
Ecosystems Subtropical humid primary forest Mountainous tropical cloud forest and high montane forests in Yungas Yungas or montane forest and Jalca or humid Puna, high-Andean pastures Tropical lowland humid forest Tropical forest Wet tropical and subtropical forest Evergreen highland forest, cerrado savanna, savanna wetland, forest wetland Submontane, lowland and alluvial dense ombrophyllous forest
Emission Reductions (per year) 403,293 tCO2e N/A N/A 250,000 - 595,000 tCO2e (preliminary estimates) N/A 847,382 tCO2e
114,901 tCO2e (average) 379,272 tCO2e
Affected Human Population Size 12,473 250,001 N/A 7223 7000 1288 1025 1700
Project Implementer NGO Asociación para la Investigación y Desarrollo Integral (AIDER) NGO Centro de Conservación, Investigación y Manejo de Áreas Naturales (CIMA) NGO Asociación Amazónicos por la Amazonía (AMPA) NGO Asociación para la Conservación de la Cuenca Amazónica (ACCA) NGO Asociación para la Investigación y Desarrollo Integral (AIDER) and Shipibo Conibo people Maderacre and Maderyja logging companies, and NGO Greenoxx Bolivian government, NGO Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza (FAN), The Nature Conservancy, and three U.S. energy companies NGO Amazonas Sustainable Foundation (FAS), Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development of the Government of the State of Amazonas, State Centre for Protected Areas, Institute for Conservation and Sustainable Development of Amazonas (IDESAM), and Marriott International
Main Implementation Activities Promoting alternative sustainable livelihoods, patrolling and control, fire management, administrative costs, infrastructure Community and guards patrolling, administrative costs Patrolling and control, fire management, administrative costs Patrolling, administrative costs Community patrolling, sustainable forestry management, administrative costs Patrolling and control, sign-posting, establishment of borders, forestry best practice, administrative costs Patrolling and protection by park guards, promoting sustainable economic activities, community development, biocommerce, ecotourism, administrative costs Patrolling and control, community development, administrative costs, infrastructure, Bolsa Floresta program
Buyer/Recipient of Carbon Credits Bosques Amazónicos-BAM S.A.C Exelon Corporation (possible buyer) N/A N/A Eco-Resources of Canada (buying preagreement) China Flooring Holding Inc. and others (in negotiation) Government of Bolivia, American Electric Power Company (AEP), BP-Amoco, PacifiCorp Marriot International
Forest Threats Interoceanic highway, mining, agriculture expansion, illegal logging Logging, agriculture expansion, mining, and planned roads Planned roads, mining, agriculture, extensive livestock ranching, land trafficking and fires Interoceanic highway, other road developments, illegal logging, agriculture expansion, illegal mining, and petroleum extraction Illegal logging, agriculture, cattle, and illegal coca plantations Illegal logging, forest fires, transient agriculture, invasions of human settlements, and other activities due to the Interoceanic highway Slash-and-burn agriculture and logging Two highways, one of which crosses the reserve
Standards Under validation for the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Standard (CCB; August 2011); and planned Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) Planned: CCB and VCS (previously Chicago Climate Exchange also) Planned CCB and VCS Planned CCB and VCS Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified for sustainable forest management Validated for CCB; FSC certified; under validation VCS United States Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI) approved; CDM requirements fulfilled Validated for CCB