Table 2. Some existing definitions of community resilience that are akin to engineering resilience.

Definition of resilience Reference
Sustainable and resilient communities are defined as societies that are structurally organized to minimize the effects of disasters, and at the same time have the ability to recovery quickly by restoring the socioeconomic vitality of the community. Tobin (1999:13)
Resilience is the capacity to prevent or mitigate losses and then, if damage does occur, to maintain normal living conditions as far as possible, and to manage recovery from the impacts. Buckle et al. (2000:13)
Resilient cities are capable of withstanding severe shock without incurring either immediate chaos or permanent damage, and of recovering from the impacts of natural hazards. Godschalk (2003:136)
A resiliently built environment should be designed, located, built, operated, and maintained in ways that maximize the ability of built assets, associated support systems (physical and institutional), and the people that reside or work within the built assets to withstand, recover from, and mitigate the impacts of extreme natural and human-induced hazards. Bosher (2008:13)
The notion of resilience encompasses predisaster planning and warning systems, emergency handling procedures, and postdisaster reconstruction. Urban resilience encompasses the idea that towns and cities should be able to recover quickly from major and minor disasters. Lamond and Proverbs (2009:63)