Table 2. Heuristic framework describing the attitudes, social organization, and expected responses to common property design elements of resource management. The framework can assist decisions on direction for change among forums on common property management.

Social organization
Attitudes Individualism Egalitarian Hierarchical
Deterministic Strong competition and rule making, self monitoring and policing Strong collaboration, strong rules, group monitoring and policing Strong authoritative collaboration, strong rules, effective outside policing
Fatalistic Weak competition, rules, monitoring, and policing Weak collaboration, rules, monitoring, and corruptible group policing Weak authoritative collaboration, rules, and corruptible outside policing