Table 1. Key decision-making stages in intercultural education.

Decision-making stage Definition in participatory evaluation literature (Daigneault and Jacob 2009) New definition for intercultural education
1. Initiation Set questions and issues for evaluation and definition Identify needs and goals
2. Design Design the methodology [of evaluation] Design the curricula and research projects
3. Implementation Collect and analyze data Implement teaching, facilitation, and/or research activities
4. Reflection Formulate judgments and recommendations Assess individual projects and evaluate overall program
5. Communication Report and disseminate evaluation findings Communicate findings and achievements (e.g., to policy makers, donors, prospective students, and/or the general public)