Table 1. Categories of values demonstrated by study-site applications (first column) and for each value a descriptor of knowledge gained (second column).

Value Knowledge gained
GOVERNANCE - including legal, social, and economic aspects.
Policy effectiveness Improved understanding of policy effectiveness or of the potential value of policy options.
Issue conflicts Clearer definition of conflicts and information helpful for their resolution; evaluation of risks and costs generated by human activities responsible for resource exhaustion and degradation.
Sustainable development Action or information that could advance the sustainability of a system, subsystem, or policy action.
SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE - Contributing to transdisciplinary research in support of sustainable development.
Systems thinking Perspectives gained by maintaining an holistic view of the coastal zone system while investigating the function of subcomponents.
Simulation analysis Quantification and understanding of the system’s function, pattern of organization, and structure of components.
Science–policy interface Realization of actual or potential collaboration for sustainable solutions and achievement of knowledge transfer to policy, stakeholders, and the public.
SIMULATION ANALYSIS TOOLS - Regarding simulation models and resulting analyses as a mechanism for enriching research and promoting collaborative dialog.
Ecological component Combining methods and knowledge to represent and quantify the function of a natural system, its cause-and-effect chains, internal interactions, and its external links.
Economic component Valuation methodology appropriate for market and non-market activities, links between ecological and social systems, and improved strategies for self-regulation of economic activities.
Social component Understanding the social milieu and its dynamic role in determining public preferences; using a collaborative approach for policy effectiveness; facilitating the acceptance of science for guiding sustainable development.