Table 2. Stakeholder-perceived bridges and barriers to comanagement at Macassar Dunes, interpreted here as broad themes developed from 25 semistructured interviews.

A. Bridges to comanagement
A1. Education, awareness raising, and changing values
A2. Developing linkages and involving people
A2. Specific events
B. Barriers to comanagement
B1. Formative stages of comanagement
B2. Leadership, decision-making, and power-sharing
B3. Representation and self-interest
B4. Capacities
B5. Resources and funding
B6. Discontinuities in process and participants
B7. Motivation, commitment, and trust