Table 4. Positive and negative aspects of an individual cooperative and a cooperative in a corsortium.

Individual cooperative
Positive Aspects No Membership fees.
Negative Aspects Individual cooperatives cannot stop illegal mussel culture and sell less than a consortium/“distretto.”
Expenses are higher than those of a cooperative in a consortium, where members share the costs.
Cooperative in a consortium
Positive Aspects Higher productive integration.
Lower production costs because of better management.
Safeguarding of production and marketing process and protection of members against irregularities or abuse.
Organization of markets to promote business with advertising.
Production and services are promoted with quality trade marks.
Higher sales because of the negotiation with external mussel markets of a better bulk price than that offered to an individual cooperative.
Negative Aspects Individual members pay a membership fee.