Fig. 2. The holm-oak (Quercus ilex L.) and black truffle (Tuber melanosporum Vittad.) rural forest; development of burnt and successional stages after plantation. (a) Burnt areas surrounding new inoculated holm-oak plantations in abandoned vineyards; (b) A burnt area at the foot of a 30-year-old holm-oak with traces of branches lopping in the lower part of the trunk; (c) Old inoculated holm-oak plantation in Uzès managed as woods.