Table 1. Comanagement performance dimensions, variables, and indicators for the Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources (MEABR) system.

Survey question / source Scale Justification of variable in the Chilean context
Livelihood Diversification
No. of MEABR target species How many species are included in your MEABR Management Plan? Which ones? Numeral More species targeted as part of Management Plans = more diversified exploitation opportunities and more stable livelihood throughout the year
No. of value-adding enterprises Besides the MEABR, do you perform other economic activities as a fisher organization? Which ones? Numeral Diversified economic activities = increased revenues as complements to sustainable MEABR
Social integration
Pride in MEABR In our organization we are proud of our MEABR 4 = Highly agree to
1 = Highly disagree
More pride with MEABR = higher recognition of fishers’ stewardship role in benthic resources sustainability
Self-assessed compliance to MEABR rules Our union members observe the management agreement to the letter 4 = Highly agree to
1 = Highly disagree
More compliance = reduced poaching and better self-governance
Management capacity
Trend in official MEABR annual TACs SUBPESCA statistics 1 = Increased
-1 = Decreased
0 = No significant trend
Biologically assessed MEABR TACs maintained or increased = sustained resources stocks
Third party assessed “star caletas” MEABRs considered successful/model cases of comanagement in each region 1 = Star caleta
0 = Other caletas
“Star caletas” = overall most successful MEABR cases
Third party assessed current performance of MEABR Which of these words describes better the overall performance of the following fisher organizations’ MEABR? 5 = Success
4 = Stability
3 = Improvement
2 = Stagnation
1 = Failure
Better current results = better perceived management capacities
Third party assessed future projection of MEABR Assign a score to each organization reflecting its future projections with respect to their MEABR performance? 5 = Good performance to
1 = Bad performance
Better future projections = better perceived long-term management capacities