Fig. 1. Decision-making power: a conceptual framework

Fig. 1
The elements of this framework emerged as important to community members, and are used here to qualitatively assess the amount of forest management decision-making that a community has, and the overall control they have over resource use. Three main questions frame the conceptual framework: Does the community control access to the resource? Does the community have decision-making power over the management of the resource? Does the community have control over the benefits stemming from the resource use? The dashed line around the “ecosystem services” box indicates that, while this did not emerge as a principal theme from the interviewees at the time of field work, the momentum being gained by such mechanisms as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will likely increase its importance to communities.