Table 1. Conservation agreement schemes for rubber agroforest conservation

Schemes Ecosystem services type Target benefits for the community
(1) Provision of high-yielding, grafted (clonal), rubber seedlings - provisioning services To increase the latex yield production of jungle rubber by mixing with grafted (clonal) planting material
(2) Establishment or revival of communal jungle rubber areas (with specific work plans) - supporting services
- regulating services
To conserve the agro-biodiversity in the area by maintaining jungle rubber areas; and
To use as a pilot test for village forest rights
(3) Installation of micro-hydro power plants along the river - provisioning services To provide electricity to the villagers and to regulate and maintain the river flows
(4) Establishment of mini-reservoirs along the riversides - provisioning services To maintain fish stocks for food consumption

Following the basic categories from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
For information about tenure security of rubber plots see Suyanto et al. (2005)