Table 1. Summarized findings of our analysis of conventional managed systems and the reinforcing measures.

Heuristic Conventional management Reinforcing measures
Adaptive Cycle from growth to reorganization from growth to conservation
Panarchy institutional panarchy ecological panarchy
Resilience fast return resistant
Adaptability high because of institutional connection low at field level/ high at farm level because of multifunctional use
Transformability low, incremental adaptation trap low, is still developing from past transformation