Table 2. Land use functions used for indicator aggregation and impact valuation (Pérez-Soba et al. 2008).

Mainly societal land use functions
1. Provision of work: employment provision for all activities based on natural resources, quality of jobs, job security, and location of jobs (constraints, e.g., daily commuting).
2. Human health & recreation (spiritual & physical): access to health and recreational services, factors that influence service quality.
3. Cultural: landscape aesthetics and quality, and values associated with local culture.
Mainly economic land use functions
4. Residential and land independent production: provision of space where residential, social, and productive human activity takes place in a concentrated mode. The utilisation of the space is largely irreversible because of the nature of the activities.
5. Land-based production: provision of land for production activities that do not result in irreversible change, e.g., agriculture, forestry, renewable energy, and land-based industries such as mining.
6. Transport infrastructure: provision of space used for roads, railways, and public transport services, involving development that is largely irreversible.
Mainly environmental land use functions
7. Provision of abiotic resources: the role of land in regulating the supply and quality of air, water, and minerals.
8. Provision of habitat: factors affecting the capacity of the land to support biodiversity, in the form of the genetic diversity of organisms and the diversity of habitats.
9. Maintenance of ecosystem processes: the role of land in ecological supporting functions such as soil formation and energy buffering.