Fig. 4. The four scenarios of the Doņana social-ecological system, illustrating the main characteristics of each scenario and the main land uses. (A) Doņana – Global Knowledge features the evolution and implementation of technologies in the Doņana social-ecological system; (B) Doņana Trademark results in intensified agriculture and tourism, as well as social conflicts; (C) Arid Doņana has a lack of water due to climate change, and features the efforts of NGOs to maintain social cohesion; and (D) Adaptive Doņana – Wet and Creative shows a mosaic of uses compatible with sustainability. Feedback between the illustrator and the authors was needed to achieve the final results. Illustration by Antonio Ojea.

Fig. 4