Table 1. Land Use Functions (LUFs)

Land Use Functions
Mainly Social LUFs:
1. Cultural (landscape identity, scenery & cultural heritage): landscape aesthetics and quality and values associated with local culture
2. Human health and recreation (spiritual and physical): access to health and recreational services, and factors that influence service quality
3. Provision of work: employment provision for all in activities based on natural resources, quality of jobs, job security, and location of jobs (constraints, e.g., daily commuting)
Mainly Economic LUFs:
4. Residential and land independent production: provision of space where residential, social and productive human activity takes place in a concentrated mode. The utilization of the space is largely irreversible due to the nature of the activities
5. Land-based production: provision of land for production activities that do not result in irreversible change, e.g., agriculture, forestry, renewable energy, land-based industries such as mining
6. Transport: provision of space used for roads, railways and public transport services, involving development that is largely irreversible
Mainly Environmental LUFs:
7. Provision of abiotic resources: the role of land in regulating the supply and quality of air, water and minerals
8. Support & provision of biotic resources: factors affecting the capacity of the land to support biodiversity, in the form of the genetic diversity of organisms and the diversity of habitats
9. Maintenance of ecosystem processes: the role of land in the regulation of ecosystem processes related to the production of food and fibre, the regulation of natural processes related to the hydrological cycle and nutrient cycling, cultural services, and ecological supporting functions such as soil formation

Source: Perez-Soba et al., 2008