Table 1. Authors contributing to this special feature, their research purpose or question, the level of organization, interactions, study location, and major method of analysis.

Author Research Question/Purpose Level of Organization Interaction Study Location Method of Analysis
Washington-Allen et al. Which plant communities are resilient in the face of drought? Landscape Vegetation and drought Dryland Image differencing
Wardwell and Allen Are discontinuities in landscapes associated with discontinuities in body mass aggregations? Community-Landscape Birds and environmental gradients Wetland Textural discontinuity hypothesis, spatial analysis of variance
Johnson To determine the optimum scale for monitoring community dynamics. Community Marine organisms Marine/tropical Celluar automata, space-for-time substitution,
prediction-r2and error-x analyses
Allen and Holling How does novelty contribute to system resilience? Multiple Cross-scale
Multiple Panarchy theory
Garmestani et al. Do system discontinuities function as drivers of regime shifts and resilience? Social and ecological systems Cross-scale
Multiple Analysis of discontinuities in space and time
Thomas et al. How do you mathematically describe both discrete and continuous population dynamics in the interactions among four different species? Community Mosquitoes,
virus, humans, and birds
Urban/Tropics Time-scale calculus model
Ridolfi et al. How do patterns of islands of fertility emerge at the landscape level? Landscape Soil erosion and vegetation encroachment Dryland Non-linear spatial diffusion simulation model
Lockwood and Lockwood What controls grasshopper population size, density-dependent or independent factors? Community-Landscape Grasshoppers, precipitation and temperature Dryland Catastrophe theory
Self-organized criticality (1/f noise)
Fractal analysis