Table 2. Comparing traditional governance and collaborative CAN governance ideas

Governance dimension Traditional governance Collaborative CAN governance
Structure Top-down hierarchy Interdependent network clusters
Source of direction Central control Distributed control
Boundary condition Closed Open
Goals Clear with defined problems Various and changing
Organizational context Single authority Shared authority
Role of manager Organization controller Mediator, process manager
Managerial tasks Planning and guiding organization processes Guiding interactions, providing opportunity
Managerial activities Planning, designing, leading Selecting agents and resources, influencing conditions
Leadership approach Directive Generative
Nature of planning Linear Nonlinear
Criterion of success Attainment of goals of formal policy Realization of collective action
System behavior Determined by component participant roles Determined by interactions of participants
Democratic legitimacy Representative democracy Deliberative democracy