Table 3. Case study summaries.

Machubeni Nqabara Riemvasmaak
Location Emalahleni Local Municipality, Eastern Cape Mbashe Local Municipality, Eastern Cape Siyanda District Municipality, Northern Cape
Land tenure Communal Communal Communal
Population 7344 3369 780
Land area affected 16,150 ha 1500 ha 75,000 ha
Land use Crop cultivation, livestock farming, brick making, grass harvesting Crop cultivation, livestock farming, harvesting of forest products Limited livestock farming, tourism
Objectives of intervention Reinstate community access to high quality drinking/irrigation water
Improve the agricultural production systems
Reverse the process of land degradation
Stop further siltation of the dam
Create income from catchment management
Design a model for integrated catchment and natural resources management by communities
Support the establishment of a community conservancy through:
The rehabilitation and restoration of the natural landscape
Upgrade and construct facilities for conservancy
Incorporate a craft production centre, office, and meeting venue/workplace
Identify, rehabilitate, and prepare a site for lodge development
Create a community conservancy on land formerly owned by National Parks Board
Develop conservation and tourism services capacity
Job creation in the conservation and tourism sectors
Involve communities in combating desertification and managing land