Table 3. Adaptation in the context of an integrated water resources management (IWRM) system.
IWRM component Implications for
institutional adaptation
Implications for
water management
Physical integration Increased sunk costs
Increased information costs
Inability to decouple the physical system
Sectoral integration Increased bargaining costs for adaptation
Higher number of adversarial players in negotiations
Increased information needs
Inability to include new players in process
Difficulty in reaching consensus
Restricted ability to change system operation
Institutional integration High monitoring costs
Increased coordination costs
Restricted ability to change system operation