APPENDIX 1. Check Catalog for landholders.

The interview is open and non-structured and is conducted by the interviewee after opening a line of conversation. The questions are not to be followed or done in this specific order or format, as long as the interviewee meets the Check Catalog systematized below. The questions serve as a guiding map and inspiration only. The interview is also a first contact to meet the person and hence it’s very informal.

Moderation/lines of conversation:

Sampling point, Stream and Property:
Study: a. Primary School b. Secondary c. Tertiary d. University e. Post-Grad
Direct Contact:

Riparian Values and relationship with streams/water
  1. Do you like your stream? Why?
  2. How do you live better, with or without stream? Why?
  3. What do you use the stream for, and what do you like in it? Why? Why is the river good?
  4. How was it used before? 30-50 years ago. Before did people use the river more, or less?
  5. Would you prefer to not have the river in your property? Why?
  6. What do you use water for in your property? And what are the sources?

Environmental/Water Awareness
  1. Do you have any problems with water and streams? And in Portugal do you think there are any problems regarding this?
  2. Do your neighbors have the same problems?
  3. Do you think streams have environmental problems?
  4. Is there lack of water? And Pollution? Why? And before, 30-50 years ago?
  5. Was there anything done in this region at the environmental level?
  6. Are you worried or have needs at any other levels? What are those worries or needs? Why do they exist? What can be done to change the situation? Is there anything you can do, what?

Conflict, social dynamic and control perception
  1. Are any of the features you identified or valued in the stream getting lost? Why?
  2. Would you like that to be different? How could that be different?
  3. Is there anything you can do to change it?
  4. Is the conjoint management with neighbors difficult or problematic? How?
  5. If so, what are the issues at stake? Are there conflicts? Why? And 30-50 years ago?

Preliminary survey of stakeholders and policies
  1. Are you receiving any subsidy or funding? From which entity? How did you know about it?
  2. Is the stream managed and cleaned or not? Who does it? How is it done? Why is it done that way?
  3. Do you recommend anyone you think I should talk to about all these issues?
  4. In this area who is managing water and streams? Who is interested in them? Who likes them and usufructs from their existence?

Personal Profile
  1. For how many years do you live or work here?
  2. What area is this? To what village does it belong? Who’s the owner? Is he from here?
  3. Do you like to live here? And before, did you like to live here, more or less then nowadays?
  4. Do you have any activities besides your work here? Do you work, even if sporadically, to any NGOs, Political parties, the church, cooperatives? Why do you do it or why not?
Check Catalog:
River Values
Use (monetary or not)
Economic (monetary or not and markets existing)
Identity and Attachment
Attachment and Identity
Attachment to place
Identity with lifestyle
Attachment to the community
Attachment to the stream: Water, Corridor, Stream structure, Flora, Fauna...
Value and behavior profile
Value systems
Proactivity and engagement: Activities for NGOs, political parties, church...
Knowledge about streams
Ecological Functions: sink, conduction, filter, corridor, source, barrier, drainage
Features connected to:
- Water, volume e quality
- Corridor
- Stream Structure – artificial/natural
- Flora
- Fauna
- Impacts of Water Reservoirs
Environmental/Risk Perception
Environmental worries in general
Worries with stream and water conservation
Problems felt associated with water issues: scarcity, quality, superficial/subterranean, which of the identified stream values are at risk
Other worries and problems felt
Control Perception and stakeholder and institutional preliminary survey
People and institutions having interest in water and streams
Conflicts existing and their explanation and possible solutions
The role of landholders in the solutions
Existing wrong signals in policy
Water and stream management
Who manages streams and how and for which purpose
Practices of landholders on streams and their motivations
Space: Administrative or Community belonging
Community to which they belong to
Region to which they belong to