Table 1. Key policies affecting land use in Mengsong.

Year Policy Intention
1950 Prohibition of opium cultivation End opium cultivation
1958 Great leap forward Expand mining for steel refining
1964 Grain self-sufficiency Increase food security
1969 Grain request from uplands Food is everything
1978 Exploitation of marginal lands Increase grain protection
1978 Household responsibility system End collective agriculture, increase grain production
1982 Forest land allocation Sedentarize swidden
1990s Poverty alleviation programs in Xishuangbanna Expand areas of terraced tea and rubber
1998 Natural-forest protection program Conservation, logging ban
1999 Sloping land conversion program Conservation, grain for green
2006 Collective forest tenure reform Strengthen tenure over forest land