Table 2. Summary of Inuit traditional ecological knowledge pertaining to changes in the abundance and distribution of greater snow geese (Chen caerulescens atlantica), as reported by 13 and 15 local experts from Mittimatalik, Nunavut, Canada, interviewed in this study, respectively. The temporal scale includes knowledge dating back to the 1940s, and the spatial scale is Bylot Island and the northern part of adjacent Baffin Island. Timelines for the observations based on reports from 10 experts and reasons perceived to have caused the changes based on reports by 14 experts are also summarized.

Topic Comments on population trend Number of informants
Overall population trend The overall abundance did not change 4
More geese in general 2
Fewer geese in general 2
Don’t know 4
There are interannual variations in goose abundance 5
Variations in distribution Geese are more scattered and have relocated 12
Increased goose abundance in specific areas 10
Decreased goose abundance in specific areas 9
Less concentrated on Bylot Island 3
Decline in numbers on Bylot Island 8
There are no changes in goose distribution 1
There are fewer non-nesting geese on Bylot 1
Timeline for the observations Since goose biologists started their surveys on
Bylot Island (early 1980s to early 1990s)
Since the 1990s 2
In recent years 2
Since the extensive use of rifles and snowmobiles (1970s) 1
In comparison with childhood (1940s) 1
In comparison with childhood (1950s) 1
Reasons for changes Goose biologists doing their research 11
Use of helicopters 9
Hunting pressure in specific areas 4
Use of new loud equipment, e.g., snowmobiles and rifles, to hunt geese 6
All the planes coming and going from Mittimatalik 2
Increase in fox population following the trapping decline 2
Geese hiding away 2