Fig. 2. A conceptual graph showing how the level of the local community’s interest in and contact with a given species influences the ease with which it is possible to gather traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) about this species. When a community has little interest in or contact with a given species, e.g., some cryptic insects, TEK is low and therefore cannot be gathered productively (left side of the curve). Conversely, when the community is highly interested in a species, issues surrounding this species can be locally strongly politically charged, e.g., polar bears in some communities, and TEK can become difficult to acquire without bias (right side of the curve), although responses can be broad and diverse. The arctic fox and greater snow geese studied here provided an ideal context to collect TEK (gray area, center of the graph), because both species are visible and harvested but do not incite strong reactions.