Fig. 1. Examples of IFL boundaries (yellow line) mapped on Landsat ETM+ images (band combination used is 5-4-3). (A) Democratic Republic of the Congo. Settlements, agricultural areas, and buffered area along the road have been excluded. (B) Democratic Republic of the Congo. Savanna grazing areas affected by annual human-induced fires have been excluded. (C) Papua–New Guinea. Logging concession areas have been excluded. (D) Northern European Russia. Clearcuts have been excluded.