Fig. 1. A diagram of the Netherlands bird avoidance model (NL-BAM) workflow describing the modeling and processing procedures used to produce the NL-BAM maps. Central boxes represent the processing steps described in the text and in Table 1. Boxes with dashed lines represent processing steps that were repeated for each type of survey data. For example, for the buzzard, a separate general additive model was fit to the breeding bird survey as well as each of the four nonbreeding point surveys. Boxes shaded in grey represent supporting information needed to perform specific tasks.