Fig. 1. (A) Land cover and historical land-cover change (LCC) in eastern Bolivia below the cloud forest treeline (~3000 m), modified from Killeen et al. (2007). For LCC, the colored areas represents the outside edge of the deforestation front for agriculturalists in the most recent temporal period; the absence of LCC indicates the forest products sector and extensive cattle ranchers groups. (B) Geographic footprint of the major economic and social groups.