Table 3. Actor analysis output that had implications for the interaction process.

Case Whom to involve and why How to involve actors and what to discuss
National water resources plan, Egypt Identified the need to involve actors because of interdependencies, e.g., the ability of actors other than Ministries of Water Resources and Irrigation and of Agriculture to influence water management Discuss actors’ positions and responsibilities related to costs and benefits of water management options; link parts of discussion to broader institutional reform debate
Diffuse pollution, Netherlands Identified the need to involve actors who have control over the problem instead of only problem owners, starting with municipalities and the private sector Discuss both diffuse and point-source pollution issues in the same platform
River basin planning, Turkey Identified individual actor representatives to participate in project training and planning activities Discuss boron pollution and operational problems; use existing structures, rather than a new river basin authority; start training at a more advanced level
Regional water management, Philippines Identified the need to involve three types of actors, including a group of private-sector actors that are currently excluded from the debate, because all groups control parts of the problem Educate some of the actors on substantive water issues