Table 2. Examples of indicators to be used in the Labrador test case, derived from local consultation sessions led by members of the modeling team, including justification for the criteria they indicate. Many indicators are modeled in the ecological realm, but their justification may come from the social realm.

Indicator Biodiversity Ecosystem integrity Traditional activities Community well-being
Ecological Realm
Aegolius funereus (boreal owl) Species at risk
Martes americana (American marten) Indicator species Trapping Trapping revenue
Rangifer rangifer (caribou) Species at risk
Age-class structure Ecosystem pattern
Old forest in different forest types Coarse filter Ecosystem pattern
Ecosystem diversity Ecosystem pattern
Edge contrast and length Landscape pattern
Habitat patch size/core area Landscape pattern
Insular habitat connectivity Landscape pattern
Fruit-bearing shrubs Berry harvesting
Social Realm
Number of forest-sector jobs Local employment
Landscape aesthetic sensitivity Camping Ecotourism
Economic Realm
Harvest flow Local employment
Road length Increased poaching risk Forest access Forest access
Stumpage fees Provincial revenue
Product costs Local profit
Planning costs Reduced revenue