Table 5. Summary of speciesí responses to fallow history, and associated characteristics. Note that species are arranged from those most strongly associated to long fallow cycles at the top (Carica papaya) to those most strongly associated to short cycles (Viguiera dentata) at the bottom.

Species Life form Presence in mature forest1 % plots where occurred as resprout2 Dispersal by animals3
Carica papaya Pioneer tree 0   *
Acalypha unibracteata Shrub
Vitex gaumeri Tree + 91.3   *
Trema micrantha Pioneer tree 2.5   *
Phytolacca icosandra Forb *
Lysiloma latisiliquum Tree + 10.3  
Cecropia peltata Pioneer tree 6.2   *
Passiflora pedata Vine *
Pouteria campechiana Tree + 96.7   *
Nectandra coriacea Tree + 93.9   *
Coccoloba spicata Tree + 90.0  
Piscidia piscipula Tree + 82.6  
Centrosema schotti Vine
Petrea volubilis Woody vine +
Panicum sp. Grass
Psychotria nervosa Shrub *
Hamelia patens Shrub *
Caesalpinia gaumeri Tree + 94.1  
Euphorbia heterophylla Forb
Melanthera aspera Shrub
Desmodium incanum Shrub
Viguiera dentata Shrub
1 Based on a floristic inventory of different successional stages carried out in X-Maben (Correa Cano 2004) and field observations; + present, − absent in mature forest.
2 For trees only; based on data from this study.
3 Species for which endozoochory is reported in the literature or assumed based on fruit type (fleshy fruits).