Table 1. Defining characteristics of the four scenarios

Global Orchestration
Order from Strength
Adapting Mosaic
Dominant Approach for Sustainability
Sustainable development, economic growth, public goods
Reserves, parks, national-level policies, conservation
Local–regional co-management, common-property institutions
Green-technology, eco-efficiency, tradable ecological property rights
Economic Approach
Fair Trade (reduction of tariff boundaries), with enhancement of global public goods
Regional trade blocs, mercantilism
Integration of local rules regulates trade; local non-market rights
Global reduction of tariff boundaries, fairly free movement of goods, capital, and people, global markets in ecological property
Social Policy Foci
Improve world; global public health; global education
Security and protection
Local communities linked to global communities; local equity important
Technical expertise valued; follow opportunity; competition; openness
Dominant social organizations
Trans-national companies (Companies that spread seamlessly across many countries); global NGO and multi-lateral organizations
Multi-national companies (Companies that consist of loose alliances of largely separate franchises in different countries)
Local co-operatives, global partnerships and collaborations established as local groupings recognize the need to share experiences and solutions
Trans-national, professional associations, NGOs