Fig. 2. The four MA scenarios begin from current conditions and trends. The paths then branch, depending on the extent to which the world is globalized vs. regionalized, and the extent to which ecosystem management is reactive (responding to ecosystem problems after they occur) vs. proactive (deliberately seeking to manage ecosystem services in sustainable ways). In Global Orchestration, there is global economic liberalization with strong policies to reduce poverty and inequality, and substantial investment in public goods such as education. In Order from Strength, economies become more regionalized, and nations emphasize their individual security. Adapting Mosaic also has more regionalized economies, but there is emphasis on multi-scale, cross-sectoral effort to sustain ecosystem services. In TechnoGarden, the economy is globalized, with substantial investments in sound environmental technology, engineered ecosystems, and market-based solutions to environmental problems. Source: MA (2005a).