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The climate-smart village approach: framework of an integrative strategy for scaling up adaptation options in agriculture

Pramod K Aggarwal, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA) and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), New Delhi, India
Andy Jarvis, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Bruce M Campbell, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), c/o University of Copenhagen
Robert B. Zougmoré, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Bamako, Mali
Arun Khatri-Chhetri, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA) and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), New Delhi, India
Sonja J. Vermeulen, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); Hoffmann Centre on Sustainable Resource Economy, London, UK
Ana Maria Loboguerrero, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Leocadio S Sebastian, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Hanoi, Vietnam
James Kinyangi, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya
Osana Bonilla-Findji, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Maren Radeny, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya
John Recha, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya
Deissy Martinez-Baron, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Julian Ramirez-Villegas, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Sophia Huyer, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); Women in Global Science and Technology (WISAT), Brighton, Ontario, Canada
Philip Thornton, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Nairobi, Kenya
Eva Wollenberg, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); University of Vermont (UVM), Burlington, Vermont, USA
James Hansen, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
Patricia Alvarez-Toro, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Andrés Aguilar-Ariza, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
David Arango-Londoño, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia; Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Cali, Colombia
Victor Patiño-Bravo, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Ovidio Rivera, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia
Mathieu Ouedraogo, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Bamako, Mali
Bui Tan Yen, CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS); International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Hanoi, Vietnam

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-09844-230114

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Abstract

Increasing weather risks threaten agricultural production systems and food security across the world. Maintaining agricultural growth while minimizing climate shocks is crucial to building a resilient food production system and meeting developmental goals in vulnerable countries. Experts have proposed several technological, institutional, and policy interventions to help farmers adapt to current and future weather variability and to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper presents the climate-smart village (CSV) approach as a means of performing agricultural research for development that robustly tests technological and institutional options for dealing with climatic variability and climate change in agriculture using participatory methods. It aims to scale up and scale out the appropriate options and draw out lessons for policy makers from local to global levels. The approach incorporates evaluation of climate-smart technologies, practices, services, and processes relevant to local climatic risk management and identifies opportunities for maximizing adaptation gains from synergies across different interventions and recognizing potential maladaptation and trade-offs. It ensures that these are aligned with local knowledge and link into development plans. This paper describes early results in Asia, Africa, and Latin America to illustrate different examples of the CSV approach in diverse agroecological settings. Results from initial studies indicate that the CSV approach has a high potential for scaling out promising climate-smart agricultural technologies, practices, and services. Climate analog studies indicate that the lessons learned at the CSV sites would be relevant to adaptation planning in a large part of global agricultural land even under scenarios of climate change. Key barriers and opportunities for further work are also discussed.

Key words

adaptation; climate change; climate-smart agriculture; climate-smart villages; resilience; scaling out

Copyright © 2018 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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