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Understanding the socio-institutional context to support adaptation for future water security in forest landscapes

Tahia Devisscher, Stockholm Environment Institute
Raffaele Vignola, Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center; Institute for Environment, Resources and Sustainability, University of British Columbia
Monica Coll Besa, Stockholm Environment Institute
Romy Cronenbold, Fundación para la Conservación del Bosque Chiquitano
Nelson Pacheco, Fundación para la Conservación del Bosque Chiquitano
Ralf Schillinger, Asociación Bosque Modelo Jujuy
Virginia Canedi, Asociación Bosque Modelo Jujuy
Claudio Sandoval, Corporación de Desarrollo Privado SEPADE; Gobernación Provincial Malleco
Diego Gonzalez, PwC Chile
Grégoire Leclerc, Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center; French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-08988-210448

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Abstract

During the first half of the 21st century, socioeconomic development is expected to contribute faster and to a greater extent to global water stress than climate change. Consequently, we aimed to identify conditions that can facilitate local adaptation planning for future water security, accounting for the socio-institutional context, developmental needs, and interests affecting water use and management. Our study focused on three forest landscapes in Latin America where water stress was identified as a current concern potentially leading to future social conflict if not addressed. In the three sites, we adopted a participatory approach to implement a systematic diagnostic framework for the analysis of socio-institutional barriers and opportunities influencing local adaptation decision making. This novel application enabled science-society engagement in which civil society organizations were coleading the research. The field methods we used involved participatory social network mapping, semistructured interviews, and validation workshops. Our study generated insights into several interventions that could help overcome barriers affecting the adaptation decision-making process, particularly in the diagnosis and early planning phases. Points of intervention included fostering local participation and dialogue to facilitate coproduction of knowledge, and strengthening the role of key central actors in the water governance networks. These key actors are currently bridging multiple interests, information sources, and governance levels, and thus, they could become agents of change that facilitate local adaptation processes. Working jointly with civil society to frame the research proved effective to increase awareness about water issues, which related not only to the technological, economic, and political aspects of water, but also to organizational processes. The involvement of civil society created genuine interest in building further capacity for climate adaptation and water security.

Key words

climate change adaptation; knowledge coproduction; Latin America; local development; science and society interface; water security

Copyright © 2016 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087