Re-envisioning community-wildfire relations in the U.S. West as adaptive governance
Jesse B Abrams, Ecosystem Workforce Program, Institute for a Sustainable Environment, University of Oregon
Melanie Knapp, U.S. Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution, Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation; previous: Ecosystem Workforce Program, Institute for a Sustainable Environment, University of Oregon
Travis B Paveglio, Department Of Natural Resources and Society, University of Idaho
Autumn Ellison, Ecosystem Workforce Program, Institute for a Sustainable Environment, University of Oregon
Cassandra Moseley, Ecosystem Workforce Program, Institute for a Sustainable Environment, University of Oregon
Max Nielsen-Pincus, Department of Environmental Science and Management, Portland State University
Matthew S Carroll, School of the Environment, Washington State University
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Prompted by a series of increasingly destructive, expensive, and highly visible wildfire crises in human communities across the globe, a robust body of scholarship has emerged to theorize, conceptualize, and measure community-level resilience to wildfires. To date, however, insufficient consideration has been given to wildfire resilience as a process of adaptive governance mediated by institutions at multiple scales. Here we explore the possibilities for addressing this gap through an analysis of wildfire resilience among wildland-urban interface communities in the western region of the United States. We re-engage important but overlooked components of social-ecological system resilience by situating rural communities within their state- to national-level institutional contexts; we then analyze two communities in Nevada and New Mexico in terms of their institutional settings and responses to recent wildfire events. We frame our analysis around the concepts of scale matching, linking within and across scales, and institutional flexibility.
disaster resilience; institutions; learning; scale-matching; wildfire; wildland-urban interface
Copyright © 2015 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.