Indigenous social and economic adaptations in northern Alaska as measures of resilience
Stephanie Martin, Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage
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I explored one aspect of social-ecological change in the context of an Alaskan human-Rangifer
system, with the goal of understanding household adaptive responses to perturbations when there are multiple forces of change at play. I focused on households as one element of social resilience. Resilience is in the context of transition theory, in which communities are continually in a process of change, and perturbations are key points in the transition process. This case study of Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska, USA, contributes to the understanding of cultural continuity and household resilience in times of rapid change by using household survey data from 1978 to 2003 to understand how households adapted to changes in the cash economy that came with oil development at the same time as a crash in the caribou population and state-imposed limits on caribou harvests. The research illustrates that households are resilient in the way they capture opportunities and create a new system so that elements of the old remain while parts change.
Anaktuvuk Pass; resilience
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