Ecology and Society Ecology and Society
E&S Home > Vol. 20, Iss. 1 > Art. 44 > Abstract Open Access Publishing 
Social capital, conflict, and adaptive collaborative governance: exploring the dialectic

Cynthia McDougall, Knowledge, Technology, and Innovation Group (KTI), Department of Social Sciences, Wageningen University
Mani Ram Banjade, Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-07071-200144

Full Text: HTML   
Download Citation


Abstract

Previously lineal and centralized natural resource management and development paradigms have shifted toward the recognition of complexity and dynamism of social-ecological systems, and toward more adaptive, decentralized, and collaborative models. However, certain messy and surprising dynamics remain under-recognized, including the inherent interplay between conflict, social capital, and governance. In this study we consider the dynamic intersections of these three often (seemingly) disparate phenomena. In particular, we consider the changes in social capital and conflict that accompanied a transition by local groups toward adaptive collaborative governance. The findings are drawn from multiyear research into community forestry in Nepal using comparative case studies. The study illustrates the complex, surprising, and dialectical relations among these three phenomena. Findings include: a demonstration of the pervasive nature of conflict and “dark side” of social capital; that collaborative efforts changed social capital, rather than simply enhancing it; and that conflict at varying scales ultimately had some constructive influences.

Key words

adaptive collaborative governance; community forestry; conflict; equity; livelihoods; Nepal; participatory action research; social capital

Copyright © 2015 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

Top
Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087