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Effects of methodology and stakeholder disaggregation on ecosystem service valuation

Emma G. E. Brooks, University of Southampton; Global Species Programme, IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)
Kevin G. Smith, Global Species Programme, IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)
Robert A. Holland, University of Southampton
Guy M. Poppy, University of Southampton
Felix Eigenbrod, University of Southampton

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06811-190318

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Abstract

Contingent valuation is one of the most commonly used methodologies utilized in ecosystem service valuation, thereby including a participatory approach to many such assessments. However, inclusion of nonmonetary stakeholder priorities is still uncommon in ecosystem service valuations and disaggregation of stakeholders is all but absent from practice. We look at four site-scale wetland ecosystem service valuations from Asia that used nonmonetary participatory stated preference techniques from a range of stakeholders, and compare these prioritizations to those obtained from the largest monetary assessments available globally, the Ecosystem Service Value Database (ESVD). Stakeholder assessment suggests very different priorities to those from monetary assessments, yet priorities between different sites remained broadly consistent. Disaggregation of beneficiaries in one site showed marked differences in values between stakeholders. Monetary values correlate positively with values held by government officers and business owners, but negatively with fishermen and women who are relying most directly on the wetland ecosystem services. Our findings emphasize that ecosystem service assessment, monetary or otherwise, must capture the diversity of values present across stakeholder groups to incorporate site scale management issues, particularly in relation to poverty alleviation.

Key words

ecosystem services; participatory approach; poverty alleviation; stakeholders; valuation; wetlands

Copyright © 2014 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article  is under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.  You may share and adapt the work for noncommercial purposes provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

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Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087