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Achieving good environmental status in the Black Sea: scale mismatches in environmental management

Tim O'Higgins, Scottish Association for Marine Science
Andrew Farmer, Institute for European Environmental Policy
Georgi Daskalov, IBER-BAS
Stale Knudsen, University in Bergen
Laurence Mee, Scottish Association for Marine Science


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The Black Sea has suffered severe environmental degradation. Governance of the Black Sea region is complex and results in a series of scale mismatches which constrain management. This paper develops a simple classification of spatial scale mismatches incorporating the driver, pressure, state, welfare, response (DPSWR) framework. The scale mismatch classification is applied to two major environmental problems of the Black Sea, eutrophication and small pelagic fisheries. A number of scale mismatches are described and classified and potential solutions are identified.

Key words

Black Sea; ecosystem approach; eutrophication; fisheries; marine strategy framework directive; scale mismatch

Copyright © 2014 by the author(s). Published here under license by The Resilience Alliance. This article is under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. You may share and adapt the work provided the original author and source are credited, you indicate whether any changes were made, and you include a link to the license.

Ecology and Society. ISSN: 1708-3087